Actually, there was - or I should say were. Back in the 7th century BC, there was a small colony of Judahites in Elephantine who had a temple to Yhwh right beside that of the Egyptian god Khnum in the area.
Plus, there was also the Jewish temple at Leontopolis built by the Zadokite Onias IV (former high priest Onias III’s son). What happened was, he hoped that the Maccabee’s revolt would put him in office as high priest. However, a string of events - another man, Alcimus, being elected to the high priesthood; Jonathan Maccabee eventually appropriating the high priesthood for himself - happened, he got fed up, went to Egypt with some of his supporters (which was controlled by the Seleucids’ rivals, the Ptolemies) and managed to curry enough favor from them to gain permission to settle down and build a temple. He apparently hoped that his Leontopolis temple would be regarded as the only legitimate one - he was the legitimate claimant as per tradition, after all - since the Jerusalem temple was desecrated. But he ultimately never gathered support for this, even among Egyptian Jews. So yeah, even if the Holy Family were in Egypt, chances of them going to Onias’ temple is slim, because most everyone never took it seriously.
If you count the post-exilic Samaritans (who may not be the same people as the foreign settlers of 2 Kings) as a Jewish sect, their temple at Mount Gerizim would also count as a rival location.