The conferring of Justification


#1

In the Catechism of the Catholic Church, Paragraph 1992 states:

Justification Is conferred in Baptism, the sacrament of faith.         

Is Justification conferred in the other six sacraments?


#2

No.


#3

Depends on what you mean. If you have lost the grace of justification after baptism, then later you could become contrite and receive the sacrament of reconciliation. This would restore you to grace. It is not like you are stuck without options if you fall after baptism.

Also, sacraments can be described as increasing sanctifying grace, see the Council of Trent:

Denzinger 843a (Session VII) For the completion of the salutary doctrine of justification, which was promulgated in the last session with the unanimous consent of the Fathers, it has seemed fitting to treat of the most holy sacraments of the Church, through which all true justice either begins, or being begun is increased or being lost is restored…

However, if you are asking if going up to say, communion for example, without ever having received baptism, if doing that is intended to confer the grace of justification, then the answer is no, that sacrament does not work that way. Baptism is first. :slight_smile:


#4

There are different kinds of justification:

[LIST]
]Infant* baptism**, through the faith of the one who requests or confers the sacrament.
*]Adult baptism with personal faith, sorrow for sin, or by the perfect love of God, which is at least an implicit baptism of desire.
*]Sacramental absolution or perfect contrition for sins in those who have sinned gravely after being justified.
[/LIST]
Catechism of the Catholic Church 1446 Christ instituted the sacrament of Penance for all sinful members of his Church: above all for those who, since Baptism, have fallen into grave sin, and have thus lost their baptismal grace and wounded ecclesial communion. It is to them that the sacrament of Penance offers a new possibility to convert and to recover the grace of justification. The Fathers of the Church present this sacrament as "the second plank [of salvation] after the shipwreck which is the loss of grace."47

Council of Trent
The Sixth Session
CHAPTER X. **
** On the increase of Justification received.

Having, therefore, been thus justified, and made the friends and domestics of God, advancing from virtue to virtue, they are renewed, as the Apostle says, day by day; that is, by mortifying the members of their own flesh, and by presenting them as instruments of justice unto sanctification, they, through the observance of the commandments of God and of the Church, faith co-operating with good works, increase in that justice which they have received through the grace of Christ, and are still further justified, as it is written; He that is just, let him be justified still; and again, Be not afraid to be justified even to death; and also, Do you see that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only. And this increase of justification holy Church begs, when she prays, “Give unto us, O Lord, increase of faith, hope, and charity.”


#5

DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed in these forums do not necessarily reflect those of Catholic Answers. For official apologetics resources please visit www.catholic.com.