From a recent blog callled “Me Monk. Me Meander”:
The Creed came before the Canon. The Canon stands on the Creed.
The Nicene or “Niceno-Constantinopolitan” Creed.
The Council of Nicea, A.D. 325, authored this Creed up to and including the words affirming faith in the Holy Spirit. The Council of Constantinople, A.D. 381, added the remainder.
The two councils were responses to controversies concerning what to think and believe about Christ, the Trinity and the Church.
The establishing of a Christian list or measure (canon) of Scripture by the Church happened subsequent [after 390 A.D.] to the formulation of the Creed…
Read the entire blog entry: