Rite of: | Contantinople | Antioch | Alexandrian | Armenian
Also called: | Byzantine, Greek-Catholic | Syriac, Chaldean* | Coptic* |
Churches Sui Iuris: | [list]]Albanian]Belarussian/Byelorussian ]Bulgarian]Czech*]Krizevci*]Greek*]Hungarian*]Italo-Albanian*]Melkite*]Romanian*]Russian*]Ruthenian*]Slovak*]Ukrainian [/list]| West Syrian Sub-Rite[list]]Maronite ]Syrian](Syro-)Malankarese[/list] East Syrian Sub-Rite[list]]Chaldean*]Syro-Malabarese [/list]|[list]]Coptic]Ethiopian/Abyssinian*(Geez)[/list]| [list]*]Armenian[/list]
derived from: ewtn.com/expert/answers/rites.htm
- While improper, these terms are sometimes used.
It should be noted that not all of the Byzantine Churches listed have Hierarchs (bishops); the Russian Rite, for example, has priests, but no bishops; the parishes are attached to Latin or Romanian Rite Eparchies.
Term | Meaning (approximate)
Rite | A specific liturgical tradition arising from a particular patrimony. It is important to note that the term was used to refer to specific Churches Sui Iuris prior to 1960.
Rite (western) | in the Latin Rite, the various usages are often referred to as rites. The Ambrosian, Bragan, Carmelite, Carthusian, Dominican, and Mozarabic Rites are part of the Roman Church Sui Iuris, whose primate is also the Pope.
Church Sui Iuris | Autonomous Churches in Union with Rome. Literally, self governing, or autonomous. Each such church has it’s own form of the services of its own rite, and most have their own hierarchs.
Hierarchs | Bishops of Eparchies, Archeparchies, and Churches Sui Iuris, and the Pope. Auxilliary and Titular bishops are not properly hierarchs.
Eparchy | Diocese
Archeparchy | Archdiocese
Major Archiepiscopal Church | A Church Sui Iuris headed by a Major Archbishop
Patriarchate | A Church Sui Iuris headed by a Patriarch
Eparch | Bishop
Metropolitan | Bishop of an Archeparchy; Archbishop*.
Primate | The head bishop of a Church Sui Iuris with more than one bishop. May be a Metropolitan, Major Archbishop, or Patriarch
Major Archbishop | The primate of a Major Archiepiscopal Church. Functions nearly identically to a Patriarch. Candidate is elected by the synod, but formally appointed by the Pope.
Patriarch | Head of a Patriarchal Church Sui Iuris. May appoint, ordain and enthrone bishops within his traditional jurisdiction; elected by his synod, rather than appointed by Rome; and has immediate and ordinary jurisdiction over all bishops and dioceses of the Patriarchal Church Sui Iuris.
Patriarch (Latin) | The Latin Rite Patriarchs are archbishops for almost all purposes except precedence in ceremonies.
Ordain | the bishop appointing someone a minister; for major orders, it also makes them a cleric.
cheirothesis | Ordination to minor orders, by the bishop formally investing one with the tools of the order. Used for Torchbearer, Lector, Cantor, and Subdeacon.
Cheirotonia | Ordination to major orders, by the laying on of hands by the bishop.
*Note: the term Archbishop does not always mean head of an Archeparchy/Province. It can mean the primate of a church, or it can be an honorific, varying by which church sui iuris they are in.