Protestants make a big deal of the saying, the Law and the Prophets. They claim that this is a reference to the Hebrew Scriptures that leaves out the Deuterocanon.
- they leave out the fact that there is another “Hebrew” Canon, written in Greek, which includes the Deuterocanon.
As you know, Hebrew can be used to refer to the Hebrew language or to the Hebrew people (i.e. the Jews). And, the Jews didn’t all speak Hebrew. The Jews wrote for themselves a testament that they considered miraculous which was put together by 77 Greek speaking Jewish scholars before the time of the Christ. And it is this canon that Jesus Christ used. So, if Jesus had been making reference to the Scriptures, this is the canon that He would have pointed to. The one which included the deuterocanon. It is known as the Septuagint.
- Protestants also look at history with their preconceptions against oral Tradition. The term, the Law and the Prophets, did not refer only to Scripture. Jewish people of that time would have never dreamed that anyone would consider the Law or the Prophets as being passed down by Scripture alone. In fact, they passed down the Teachings of the Law and the Prophets, primarily, by oral teaching.
Thus, when Jesus said, “On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.”, He was talking about the Word of God passed down through the centuries, by any manner of teaching. Not by Scripture alone.