The Messiah in the Old Testament


#1

When is the very first time in the Old Testament that the Messiah was mentioned?

First book and/or first chronologically.

Thanks.


#2

A case could be made that Genesis 1:1 refers to the Trinity when it uses the word “God.” If so, then that is also a reference to the Messiah, because He is the second Person of the Trinity.

Some consider the earliest explicit prophecy of the Messiah to be Genesis 3:15 – the seed that crushes the serpent.

I think there may be an earlier prophecy of the Messiah in Genesis 2:24 – “Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and cleave to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.” Ephesians 5:31-32 may indicate that it is a prophecy of the Messiah cleaving to His Church because in that passage St. Paul quotes Gen. 2:24 and says, “This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.”


#3

Only problem with that is Judaism still does not expect Moschiach to be divine, but rather an ordinary human being.

ICXC NIKA.


#4

Why did you bring up Judaism? And why would their belief be a problem for our belief?


#5

Perhaps, but I’m conflicted about Gen. 1:1 referring to a Messiah…clearly, Elohim does refer to the three persons of the Holy Trinity… so while the Son, who would be incarnate and become the Messiah,as mentioned by another poster noted, Genesis chapter 3 seems to work better, because until the Fall, there was no need for a Messiah.

Peace and all good!


#6

Do you mean the word ‘messiah’ or the idea of a messiah?


#7

isiah seems to be the major source of messiah prophecy. But i havent read it yet, so i couldnt really say.


#8

When the Jews spoke about the Messiah coming, where is the first prophecy of Jesus coming to Earth?

Sorry if I worded it wrong.

:o


#9

The protoevangelium (translated “first Gospel”) is Genesis 3:15 “I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.”


#10

But when is the first time that the Jews learn that Jesus will come to Earth?


#11

Historically speaking, the belief in a messiah is said to have its roots in the expectation of a royal descendant of King David who will inherit the throne and make the kingdom flourish.

‘Thus says the LORD of hosts, I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, that you should be prince over my people Israel; and I have been with you wherever you went, and have cut off all your enemies from before you; and I will make for you a great name, like the name of the great ones of the earth. And I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in their own place, and be disturbed no more; and violent men shall afflict them no more, as formerly, from the time that I appointed judges over my people Israel; and I will give you rest from all your enemies. Moreover the LORD declares to you that the LORD will make you a house. When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come forth from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom for ever. I will be his father, and he shall be my son. When he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men; but I will not take my steadfast love from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure for ever before me; your throne shall be established for ever.’ (2 Samuel 7:8-16)

So you might say that this is the ‘first’ time that God gave a hint to the Israelites.


#12

What about the scepter of Judah?

*The scepter shall not depart from Judah,
nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
until he comes to whom it belongs;
and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.

(Genesis 49:10)
*

-Tim-


#13

DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed in these forums do not necessarily reflect those of Catholic Answers. For official apologetics resources please visit www.catholic.com.