[left]THE MYTH OF PAPAL ORIGINS?
Michael D. Goulder, Professor of Biblical Studies, University of Birmingham (retired)
"Did Peter ever go to Rome?"
The Scottish Journal of Theology 57 : 4 2004
Paul and Acts suggest that after Easter Peter lived in Jerusalem and had special responsibility for the mission to Palestine. 1 Clement mentions his two-plus labours (cf. Acts 3–4, 5, 12), but not Rome and not martyrdom. It places him second of seven chronologically ordered victims of jealousy between AD 40 and 70. Asc. Is. 4:2–3 is about Nero redivivus, not the historical Nero, and has nothing to do with Peter. By AD 100 legends were forming about his sojourn in Rome (1 Peter) and his martyrdom (John 21). He probably died in his bed in Jerusalem about AD 55.
Complete article is currently free online!
Goulder’s email is
Goulder is well known and a writer of many theological works. The Johns Hopkins University had a symposium focusing on the New Testament research of Professor Michael D. Goulder in 2000.
RELATED ONLINE ARTICLE
“Was Peter the First Pope? – How the Papacy Originated in Rome”