[quote=Digitonomy]It has been longstanding tradition to view God the Father as male, although some dispute whether it’s accurate to limit him to just one sex. Certainly Jesus appeared to us as a male. There is a bit more debate about the Holy Spirit, but that’s an argument for another thread.
What I am wondering is whether there is any Church teaching on whether Satan could be female.
We know Lucifer was a male angel, but is Lucifer just another name for Satan, or is Lucifer simply the chief fallen angel under Satan, or is Satan not a single “person” but rather a collective force, like “Charlie” in the Vietnam War?
the teaching of the Catholic Church is that God the Father is masculine, not male. They do not mean the same thing, and the distinction is crucial. CS Lewis articulates it very well in Perelandra. It is important to understand since all souls are feminine in relation to God (NOT female). The misunderstanding of this distinction is at the root of several heresies, including the insistence the Jesus must have married Mary Magdalene or somebody else.
Since God is pure spirit He has no physical sex characteristics. This distinction is crucial. Jesus Christ assumed a male human body in the Incarnation. Satan (or Lucifer), like all angels both the fallen angels and the good angels is pure spirit so has no physical characteristics. Angels can assume human appearance in order to communicate with, assist (or torment, in the case of devils) human beings.