Let’s continue with this for a moment.
[quote=apophasis]In verse 24 the Lord says that at the time He makes (or establishes) that “covenant of peace” His Servant David will be king over them, they will walk in His ordinances, keep and observe His statutes.
Was King David present duing this other covenant of peace that he established with Phinehas son of Eleazar?
This covenant of peace was, after all, a covenant of a lasting priesthood.
I can also point toward Isaiah 54:10 as well…
Though the mountains be shaken and the hills be removed, yet my unfailing love for you will not be shaken nor my covenant of peace be removed," says the LORD, who has compassion on you.
It would appear that this covenant of peace is already somewhat in effect well before the anticipated second coming of Christ.
I can also point toward Ezekiel 34:25 too…
I will make a covenant of peace with them and rid the land of wild beasts so that they may live in the desert and sleep in the forests in safety.
…which likewise points toward a future covenant of peace.
I can also, as I’ve done already, point toward Ezekiel 37:26 again…
I will make a covenant of peace with them; it will be an everlasting covenant. I will establish them and increase their numbers, and I will put my sanctuary among them forever.
…which again indicates that this covenent of peace will be put unto effect in the future.
In addition to this, I can also point toward Malachi 2:5 too…
My covenant was with him, a covenant of life and peace, and I gave them to him; this called for reverence and he revered me and stood in awe of my name.
…which indicates that this covenant of life and peace was, once again, already in effect long before the coming of Christ-- in this case pointing toward the priests of Levi.
One might quibble a bit about a covenant of life and peace. However, in the Scriptures, peace often means well-being, repose, security, success, glory. Indeed, sometimes it means the totality of the messianic goods and is synonymous with salvation and goodness:
How beautiful are the feet of the messenger of good news on the mountains, he who announces peace, the messenger of goodness and of salvation
This all seems to lead toward Christian passages, such as Hebrews 13:20-21 for example…
May the God of peace, who through the blood of the eternal covenant brought back from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the sheep, equip you with everything good for doing his will, and may he work in us what is pleasing to him, through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.
I could also point toward Jesus words too, as found within Matthew 26:28, Mark 14:24, Luke 22:20 & 1 Corinthians 11:25 too, all of which make clear statements of his blood being the blood of the covenant-- which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.
In addition to this, I can also point toward John 14:27, which says…
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid.
And Romans 15:33, which says…
The God of peace be with you all. Amen.
And also Romans 16:20, which says…
The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus be with you.
There’s actually many references to the “God of peace” all throughout the Scriptures, such as in Philippians 4:9 and 1 Thessalonians 5:23 in addition to the passages from Hebrews 13:20, Romans 15:33 & Romans 16:20 already quoted above.
The new covenant is indeed called a “covenant of peace” in Ezekiel 37:26, and the Gospel is called the “Gospel of peace” in Ephesians 6:15-- as if the word “peace” summarized the whole content of the covenant and the Gospel.
In the Old Testament, peace is often side by side with justice, such as in Psalm 85:11, which says, “Justice and peace shall kiss”.
And, in the New Testament, peace is often side by side with grace. In fact, when Paul writes: “Justified by faith we are at peace with God” in Romans 5:1, it is clear that “at peace with God” has the same pregnant meaning as “in the grace of God.”