The power and character of the primacy of the Roman Pontiff

Pastor Aeternus (Link)

Chapter 3.
On the power and character of the primacy of the Roman Pontiff

  1. And so, supported by the clear witness of Holy Scripture, and adhering to the manifest and explicit decrees both of our predecessors the Roman Pontiffs and of general councils, we promulgate anew the definition of the ecumenical Council of Florence [49], which must be believed by all faithful Christians, namely that the Apostolic See and the Roman Pontiff hold a world-wide primacy, and that the Roman Pontiff is the successor of blessed Peter, the prince of the apostles, true vicar of Christ, head of the whole Church and father and teacher of all Christian people.

To him, in blessed Peter, full power has been given by our lord Jesus Christ to tend, rule and govern the universal Church.

All this is to be found in the acts of the ecumenical councils and the sacred canons.

  1. Wherefore we teach and declare that, by divine ordinance, the Roman Church possesses a pre-eminence of ordinary power over every other Church, and that this jurisdictional power of the Roman Pontiff is both episcopal and immediate. Both clergy and faithful, of whatever rite and dignity, both singly and collectively, are bound to submit to this power by the duty of hierarchical subordination and true obedience, and this not only in matters concerning faith and morals, but also in those which regard the discipline and government of the Church throughout the world.

  2. In this way, by unity with the Roman Pontiff in communion and in profession of the same faith , the Church of Christ becomes one flock under one Supreme Shepherd [50].

  3. This is the teaching of the Catholic truth, and no one can depart from it without endangering his faith and salvation.

Lumen Gentium #25 (Link)

From Lumen gentium #25

  1. Among the more important duties of bishops that of preaching the Gospel has pride of place.[39] For the bishops are heralds of the faith, who draw new disciples to Christ; they are authentic teachers, that is, teachers endowed with the authority of Christ, who preach the faith to the people assigned to them, the faith which is destined to inform their thinking and direct their conduct; and under the light of the Holy Spirit they make that faith shine forth, drawing from the storehouse of revelation new things and old (cf. Mt. 13:52); they make it bear fruit and with watchfulness they ward off whatever errors threaten their flock (cf. 2 Tim. 4-14). Bishops who teach in communion with the Roman Pontiff are to be revered by all as witnesses of divine and Catholic truth; the faithful, for their part, are obliged to submit to their bishops’ decision, made in the name of Christ, in matters of faith and morals, and to adhere to it with a ready and respectful allegiance of mind. This loyal submission of the will and intellect must be given, in a special way, to the authentic teaching authority of the Roman Pontiff, even when he does not speak ex cathedra in such wise, indeed, that his supreme teaching authority be acknowledged with respect, and sincere assent be given to decisions made by him, conformably with his manifest mind and intention, which is made known principally either by the character of the documents in question, or by the frequency with which a certain doctrine is proposed, or by the manner in which the doctrine is formulated.

“We hold upon this earth the place of God Almighty”

In this way Pope Leo XIII explained his position on earth to the Orthodox in his encyclical Praeclara Gratulationis Publicae in 1894 (beginning of the 7th paragraph.)

this post was for someone who doubted some popes. i was hoping that person would come in and see this post.

Ah, good old Leo XIII :smiley:

It makes me wonder if there is any possible way a Catholic can concede the idea that a Pope could make a mistake, or that there is anything to the concept of papal arrogation, that the Pope has acquired far more power than Christ intends him to have. Formerly I think popes claimed the right to rule the whole world, now it is only the church.

Are all bishops authentic teachers? ALL bishops? I’ve read a few threads, I think, complaining about the teaching of some bishops.

The Pope is only infallible in very certain conditions, as His Holiness Benedict XVI has regularly mentioned.

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