Windmill quoted the GIRM as well as Redemptionis Sacramentum. Allow me to provide some further details.
The proper vestments of a priest are to be worn in this order: amice, alb, cincture, stole, chasuble. The amice can be omitted if the alb covers up the clothing around the neck, and the cincture can be omitted if the form of the alb does not necessitate one. This is from GIRM:
119. In the sacristy, the sacred vestments (cf. below, nos. 337-341) for the priest … are to be prepared according to the various forms of celebration: … the alb, the stole, and the chasuble.] …
All who wear an alb should use a cincture and an amice unless, due to the form of the alb, they are not needed.
The sacred garment common to ordained and instituted ministers of any rank is the alb, to be tied at the waist with a cincture unless it is made so as to fit even without such. Before the alb is put on, should this not completely cover the ordinary clothing at the neck, an amice should be put on. …
The vestment proper to the priest celebrant at Mass and other sacred actions directly connected with Mass is, unless otherwise indicated, the chasuble, worn over the alb and stole.
There are prayers said as each vestment is put on.
There is no such thing as an “overstole”. There are no “official and documented rules” regarding its use because it does not exist and is not permitted by the Catholic Church.
The picture is an unfortunate one. The individual in it is Francis Cardinal Arinze, prefect for the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, the dicastery which put forth Redemptionis Sacramentum which outlines and explains certain things to be observed and to be avoided concerning the Most Holy Eucharist. You’d think he’d know how to dress himself. The Cardinal made a mistake.
That being said, I have no idea what the age of the photo is. I can provide you with several other photos that show the good Cardinal properly attired.