[quote=Harvey Garver]… the Church was so closely tied to the belief that the world stood still that when confronted with Galileo’s new theory the Church could not except it. And now centuries later the church is saying it was wrong at that time. What am I missing?
*]Galileo was wrong to teach science as theology.
*]Therefore the Church clarified the distinction between science and theology.[/LIST]That’s it in a nutshell.
The birth of a new way of approaching the study of natural phenomena demands a clarification on the part of all disciplines of knowledge.
*]Galileo did not have irrefutable scientific proof.
*]Galileo confused science with philosophy.
*]Galileo promoted his ideas as truth instead of as a hypothesis.[/LIST]
Galileo made no distinction between the scientific approach to natural phenomena and a reflection on nature, of the philosophical order, which that approach generally calls for. That is why he rejected the suggestion made to him to present the Copernican system as a hypothesis, inasmuch as it had not been confirmed by irrefutable proof.
*]Some clergy who could read did not realize that they were also interpreting.
*]Moreover the boundaries between science and faith were blurred.[/LIST]
The majority of theologians did not recognize the formal distinction between Sacred Scripture and its interpretation, and this led them unduly to transpose into the realm of the doctrine of the faith a question which in fact pertained to scientific investigation.
*]Faith cannot be unreasonable.[/LIST]
If it happens that the authority of Sacred Scripture is set in opposition to clear and certain reasoning, this must mean that the person who interprets Scripture does not understand it correctly. It is not the meaning of Scripture which is opposed to the truth but the meaning which he has wanted to give to it.
*]Truth cannot contradict truth. However…[/LIST]
…different branches of knowledge call for different methods…
In Galileo’s time, to depict the world as lacking an absolute physical reference point was, so to speak, inconceivable…
Today, after Einstein and within the perspective of contemporary cosmology neither of these two reference points has the importance they once had…
beyond two partial and contrasting perceptions, there exists a wider perception which includes them and goes beyond both of them.
Both the Church and Galileo had to come to grips with this. The main lessons of the Galileo affair are:
*]Faith cannot be unreasonable.
*]Truth cannot contradict truth.[/LIST]continued…