St. Thomas was an Apostle of Jesus ( direct disciple ). Jesus is the Living Word.
READ THIS and its references please. You will see that all “Paul invented Christianity” theories are false and omit this important history.
The Gospel was proclaimed in India by Saint Thomas the Apostle. He landed at Kodungalloor (Crangannore) in Kerala in A.D. 52 and kindled the light of faith on this land with the baptism of our forefathers. The ancient Church of Kerala founded by St.
Thomas, despite the multitude of vicissitudes she has encountered,
continues to flourish to this day. The Saint Thomas Christians of
India known also as the “Nazaranees,” have maintained the treasure
of their faith with a sense of genuine honor and orthodoxy; at the
same time they have retained the culture, social customs and
decorum of the land, while contributing-their share to the Kerala
and Indian culture.
From very early times, India carried on a flourishing trade with
the Middle East and the Western countries, particularly with
Antioch, Alexandria and Rome by both land and sea. Pliny, in his
, written in the middle of the first century
A.D., speaks of the sea route to India and of the monsoon winds of
July, and says that from Osselis in Arabia, the ship took forty
days to reach Mussirissi (Kodungalloor), the chief port and center
of commerce on the Malabar coast. Rawlinson, in his book, , traces the effect of the "Pax Romano"
of Augustus upon trade and establishes that Roman and Indian
rulers sent their representatives to each other. In 20 B.C., the
Pandya King of Madura (India) sent a diplomatic mission to
Augustus ( 18 (1886), 309).
The coins of Augustus and Nero were found in abundance in South
India, and the Roman aureus circulated there as currency.
A drama written in Alexandria in the first century A.D. has one of
its characters speaking Canarese, an Indian language. Evidently,
foreign merchants learned Indian languages just as the South
Indians had an appreciable mastery of Aramaic.
SAINT THOMAS AND INDIA
We read in the that Saint Thomas the Apostle,
after preaching the Gospel to the Parthians, the Persians, et al.,
went to India, where he taught the Christian religion and
established the Church . . . and that he died a martyr at Calamina
at the order of the idolatrous king of the place.
There is an ancient work known as , originally written
in Edessa in the second or early third century. Its Syriac, Greek,
Latin, Armenian and Coptic editions acquired wide publicity in the
Middle East in the early centuries. It narrates that Thomas
went to the court of King Gondophares in North India and preached
there for some years, after which, becoming aware of the demise of
the Blessed Virgin Mary, he went back to Jerusalem; that on the
second journey, the Apostle came to Malabar, established the
Church and preached there for many years; that he then went to the
Coromandel Coast, where he died a martyr at Calamina (Mylapore) by
the order of Masdai, king of that place.
As a result of the excavations conducted in North India about the
year 1830, certain coins have been discovered which prove beyond
doubt that there was a king named Gondophares of a Parthian
dynasty. These coins are preserved in the Lahore Museum. This king
has been mentioned in no record except the <Acta.>
Numismatists confirm that these coins were minted
between A.D. 10 and 50. A votive inscription of the same period
was discovered in Peshawar in 1857, called the Takhti-Bahi
inscription. In 1902-03, a coin bearing the name Gad was unearthed
at Charbade. This may be the same Gad mentioned as the brother of
Gondophares in the <Acta.> Nowhere else has that name been heard
of. Gondophares might have been the last king of his dynasty. The
powerful Kushan kings who succeeded him may have obliterated his
name from history.
The tradition in Kerala, constant and
definite, may be summed up thus:
The Apostle St. Thomas landed in Kodungalloor (Cragannore) or
Maliankara in A.D. 52. The Greeks called this place Mousiris and
the Jews, Muzirikode. While the Apostle was going to the Jewish
colony nearby, he had to cross the village of Palayur, where he
saw the Hindu temple and the temple tanks. Certain Nambooris
(Brahmins) were bathing in the tank. St. Thomas worked a miracle
there. The Nambooris took water in their palms and threw it
upwards reciting “mantes” (prayers). Seeing the same water falling
down, the apostle asked them why their deity refused to accept
their offering. He then took some water from the pond, and calling
on the Name of Jesus Christ, threw it upwards. Those water drops
assumed the shape of rose flowers and remained suspended in
midair. Because of this manifestation many of the Nambooris
believed in Christ and received baptism. However, a small number
of them became enraged at the incident, cursed the place, and went
to another village called Vempanad. The place they cursed is known
as “Sapakkad,” the accursed place. Even today, the Nambooris
crossing that village refrain from bathing or eating there. At
Palayur, near Kodungalloor, one can see today the Jews Hill, with
a Catholic Church nearby surrounded by tanks. This is the Palayur
parish church. Hindu idols, sacrificial stones and other articles
relating to a Hindu temple are seen there in abundance. Can this
coincidence of the traditions of Hindus and Christians be mere
accidental? – ewtn.com/library/HOMELIBR/KERALA.TXT