…that’s the question. (Shakespeare) To have is not really that important. What one has, it can be taken away; what one is, he or she is not matter what.
When Jesus climbed up the Mount of the Beatitudes in the Galilee, a crowd of Jews took accommodations all the way down the mountainside to listen to a famous sermon, which became known in the realm of Literature as “The Sermon of the Mount.”
The People were more interested to hear what he had to say about their Faith than about themselves. They became more than satisfied to have both. Even surprised at the Rabbi of Galilee, where after all something good was indeed possible to come from.
The satisfaction reached the People as they saw their Faith, Judaism, being cofirmed down to the letter; even further down to the dot of the letter. Especially, as the Preacher would forward himself as an example of fulfilment before requiring that all the People were bound to adhere to all the injunctions of the Law. (Mat. 5:17-19)
Then, came the surprise, which made the People see what they were, and not only what they had. That was a way they had never looked at themselves as, which was about to change. “You are the salt of the earth” said Jesus. “You are the light of the world.” (Mat. 5:13,14)
If Jesus had said, you have the salt of the earth or you have the light of the world, Replacement Theology could be justified, because what one has, it can be taken away; but what one is, he or she is, no matter what. Jesus had just made impossible, not only a change of the elect, but also a transfer of the election.
Jesus was quite aware that the Almighty could never renounce Israel who had been betrothed to Him. Israel would be chastised, but it would be the chastisement of the jealous lover, longing to bring back the beloved to the fresh and pure joy of their first love.
Shakespeare was right: "To be or not to be, that’s the question.