Not exactly. This article is taken from New Advent, the Catholic Encyclopedia. It was written about 1913 but is no less accurate now as then.
*The Roman (also variant “Romish”, “Papist” etc.) designation tacked onto “Catholic” was qualification of the name Catholic commonly used in English-speaking countries by those unwilling to recognize the claims of the One True Church. Out of condescension for these dissidents, the members of that Church are wont in official documents to be styled “Roman Catholics” as if the term Catholic represented a genus of which those who owned allegiance to the pope formed a particular species. It is in fact a prevalent conception among Anglicans to regard the whole CatholicChurch as made up of three principal branches, the Roman Catholic, the Anglo-Catholic and the Greek Catholic. As the erroneousness of this point of view has been sufficiently explained in the articles CHURCH and CATHOLIC, it is only needful here to consider the history of the composite term with which we are now concerned. *
*In the “Oxford English Dictionary”, the highest existing authority upon questions of English philology, the following explanation is given under the heading “Roman Catholic”. **The use of this composite term in place of the simple Roman, Romanist, or Romish; which had acquired an invidious sense, appears to have arisen in the early years of the seventeenth century. For conciliatory reasons it was employed in the negotiations connected with the Spanish Match (1618-1624) and appears in formal documents relating to this printed by Rushworth (I, 85-89). After that date it was generally adopted as a non-controversial term and has long been the recognized legal and official designation, though in ordinary use Catholic alone is very frequently employed. (New Oxford Dict., VIII, 766)**Of the illustrative quotations which follow, the earliest in date is one of 1605 from the “Europae Speculum” of Edwin Sandys: “Some Roman Catholiques will not say grace when a Protestant is present”; while a passage from Day’s “Festivals” of 1615, contrasts “Roman Catholiques” with “good, true Catholiques indeed”. *
*Although the account thus given in the Oxford Dictionary is in substance correct, it cannot be considered satisfactory. To begin with the word is distinctly older than is here suggested. When about the year 1580 certain EnglishCatholics, under stress of grievous persecution, defended the lawfulness of attending Protestant services to escape the fines imposed on recusants, the JesuitFather Persons published, under the pseudonym of Howlet, a clear exposition of the “Reasons why Catholiques refuse to goe to Church”. This was answered in 1801 by a writer of Puritan sympathies, Percival Wiburn, who in his “Checke or Reproofe of M. Howlet” uses the term “Roman Catholic” repeatedly. For example he speaks of “you Romane Catholickes that sue for tolleration” (p. 140) and of the “parlous dilemma or streight which you Romane Catholickes are brought into” (p. 44). Again Robert Crowley, another Anglican controversialist, in his book called “A Deliberat Answere”, printed in 1588, though adopting by preference the forms “Romish Catholike” or “Popish Catholike”, also writes of those “who wander with the Romane Catholiques in the uncertayne hypathes of Popish devises” (p. 86). A study of these and other early examples in their context shows plainly enough that the qualification “Romish Catholic” or “Roman Catholic” was introduced by Protestant divines who highly resented the Roman claim to any monopoly of the term Catholic. In Germany, Luther had omitted the word Catholic from the Creed, but this was not the case in England. Even men of such Calvinistic leanings as Philpot (he was burned under Mary in 1555), and John Foxe the martyrologist, not to speak of churchmen like Newel and Fulke, insisted on the right of the Reformers to call themselves Catholics and professed to regard their own as the only trueCatholicChurch. Thus Philpot represents himself as answering his Catholic examiner: “I am, master doctor, of the unfeigned CatholicChurch and will live and die therein, and if you can prove your Church to be the TrueCatholicChurch, I will be one of the same” (Philpot, “Works”, Parker Soc., p. 132). *