I don’t really understand how some of the Church’s past teachings on the subject of extra ecclesiam nulla salus (EENS) can be reconciled with the Church’s current stance. Can someone please explain to me…USING ONLY PRE-VATICAN 2 SOURCES…how non-Catholics can attain salvation? It seems as though Vatican 2 diverted from the Church’s traditional teaching, so in order to show that it didn’t, that’s the only request that I make. In particular,
What makes someone “invincibly ignorant”?
Is the operative word in the Catechism “knowing” or “may”?
Hence they could not be saved who, knowing that the Catholic Church was founded as necessary by God through Christ, would refuse either to enter it or to remain in it. (846)
Those who, through no fault of their own, do not know the Gospel of Christ or his Church, but who nevertheless seek God with a sincere heart, and, moved by grace, try in their actions to do his will as they know it through the dictates of their conscience - those too may achieve eternal salvation. (847)
What does the CCC mean when it says “knowing that the Catholic Church…”? Is it simply a knowledge that that’s what the Church teaches? Is it a conviction that this teaching is indeed true? If the latter situation is the case, I don’t think that anyone would ever leave the Church and this dogma is pointless.
Does baptism of desire mean that that person was already planning on becoming Catholic or does it mean that after death they are presented with the Truth and then have the chance to choose (isn’t it obvious what they would choose if the latter is the case)?
Can a non-Catholic have committed a mortal sin in their lifetime and still attain salvation even though they have no means of receiving absolution?
Since (mostly all) Protestants have valid baptisms, how do they attain salvation since baptism of blood/desire are irrelevant with them?