I’ve been reading alot lately about how Adam may not have been created the first man (i.e. that he evolved or was the result of physical evolution).
The following Councils make statements that indicate that Adam was the first man, furthermore they also indicate that Adam’s Sin resulted in more than just a physical death under the threat of anathema. This was done to counteract the heresies of Pelagianism and Semi-Pelagianism.
My question is “Was Adam the first man or did he ‘evolve’ from other life forms?”
A followup question is "does the assertion that Adam’s Sin did not result in physical death but only a spiritual death amount to teaching against these Councils pronouncements a new error akin to those listed above?
The Council of Trent Fifth Session - Decree on Oringinal Sin
The Third Council of Carthage (approved by Pope St. Zozimus)
That Adam was not created by God subject to death.
THAT whosoever says that Adam, the first man, was created mortal, so that whether he had sinned or not, he would have died in body – that is, he would have gone forth of the body, not because his sin merited this, but by natural necessity, let him be anathema.
The Second Council of Orange (529 AD) (approved by Pope Boniface II)
CANON 1. If anyone denies that it is the whole man, that is, both body and soul, that was “changed for the worse” through the offense of Adam’s sin, but believes that the freedom of the soul remains unimpaired and that only the body is subject to corruption, he is deceived by the error of Pelagius and contradicts the scripture which says, “The soul that sins shall die” (Ezek. 18:20); and, “Do you not know that if you yield yourselves to anyone as obedient slaves, you are the slaves of the one whom you obey?” (Rom. 6:16); and, “For whatever overcomes a man, to that he is enslaved” (2 Pet. 2:19).
CANON 2. If anyone asserts that Adam’s sin affected him alone and not his descendants also, or at least if he declares that it is only the death of the body which is the punishment for sin, and not also that sin, which is the death of the soul, passed through one man to the whole human race, he does injustice to God and contradicts the Apostle, who says, “Therefore as sin came into the world through one man and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all men sinned” (Rom. 5:12).