Many know through their history class about Caesar,Cleopatra
Octavian,Mark Antony, Brutus,and Cassius.The times were around 50’s,40’s,and 30’s.B.C. = Before Christ.
They came before Jesus yet we believe the stories to be true only because our schools taught us that they were. And yes they were.
The schools were and are not allowed to teach our children about Jesus and that is why many might ask the questions you asked.
Look at some of the main people mentioned in the Bible in history…
**Matthew 22:21 **
21They said to Him, “Caesar’s.” Then He said to them, “Then render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s; and to God the things that are God’s.”
The governor was Pilate, and he was the man responsible for the collecting of Rome’s taxes in Judea.
The first physical evidence relating to Pilate was discovered in 1961, when a block of black limestone was found in the Roman theatre at Caesarea Maritima, the capital of the province of Iudaea, bearing a damaged dedication by Pilate of a Tiberieum. This dedication states that he was …]ECTVS IUDA…] (usually read as praefectus iudaeae), that is, prefect/governor of Iudaea. The early governors of Iudaea were of prefect rank, the later were of procurator rank, beginning with Cuspius Fadus in 44.
The inscription is currently housed in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, where its Inventory number is AE 1963 no. 104. Dated to 26–37, it was discovered in Caesarea (Israel) by a group led by Antonio Frova.
Herod was the name used by several kings belonging to the Herodian Dynasty of Roman Iudaea Province:
Herod the Great (c. 74-4 BC), king of Judea who reconstructed the Second Temple in Jerusalem and was described in the Gospel of Matthew as ordering the “Massacre of the Innocents”
Herod Archelaus (23 BC-c. AD 18), ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea
Herod Antipas (20 BC-c. AD 40), tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea, who was described in the New Testament as ordering John the Baptist’s death and as mocking Jesus
Herod Agrippa I (c. 10 BC-AD 44), king of Judea, called “Herod” in the Acts of the Apostles
Herod Philip I, father of Salome
Herod Philip II (4 BC-AD 34), tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis
Herod of Chalcis, also known as Herod III, king of Chalcis (AD 41-48)
Herod Agrippa II (AD 27-100), tetrarch of Chalcis who was described in Acts of the Apostles as “King Agrippa” before whom Paul of Tarsus defended himself
The Many Tombs of Religious Figures in Italy
The apostles knew and passed on the teachings to some of the Early Church Fathers.
St. Irenæus (III, iii) tells us that Clement “saw the blessed Apostles and conversed with them, and had yet ringing in his ears the preaching of the Apostles and had their tradition before his eyes, and not he only for many were then surviving who had been taught y the Apostles”.
St. Jerome himself in several other places follows this opinion, but here he correctly states that Clement was the fourth pope.
We have St. Clement’s writtings…
Letter to the Corinthians
Tradition and writtings have claimed that Pope Linus is the Linus mentioned by St. Paul in his II Timothy 4:21. The passage by Irenaeus (Adv. haereses, III, iii, 3) reads:
After the Holy Apostles (Peter and Paul) had founded and set the Church in order (in Rome) they gave over the exercise of the episcopal office to Linus. The same Linus is mentioned by St. Paul in his Epistle to Timothy. His successor was Anacletus.
List of Popes
Think of it like a long game of tag.One bishop lays hands on the next. It’s been happening since Jesus first layed hands on Peter all the way to our current head bishop we call pope (Means “poppa”)