Was Jesus omniscient?


Dear Apologist,

I need help understanding what the Catholic Church teaches about Jesus’ nature. If Jesus is fully man and fully God – or was he fully man only during his time on earth? – then when he was man why did he need to learn things? Didn’t he know everything because he was also fully God?

I am very confused!

Thank you for your help :slight_smile:


Jesus was, and is, fully God and fully man. As God, he was omniscient; as man, his experiential knowledge (i.e., knowledge that is gained through human experience) could grow through learning. St. Thomas Aquinas asserted that Christ, in his human intellect, knew all things through the beatific vision but that in his human mind – which is a created thing and therefore finite – he could not know all the possibilities. If this sounds mysterious, that’s because it is mysterious, not in the more limited sense of puzzling, but in the theological sense of a truth of the faith that we cannot fully comprehend.

**Recommended reading:

The Human Knowledge of Christ** by John O’Connell
To Know Christ Jesus by Frank Sheed

DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed in these forums do not necessarily reflect those of Catholic Answers. For official apologetics resources please visit www.catholic.com.