You’re reading it incorrectly. This is a list of that which Protestants erroneously consider to be errors.
Let’s start with #1 so that you can see what I mean.
- It is a heretical opinion, but a common one, that the sacraments of the New Law give pardoning grace to those who do not set up an obstacle.
That’s the Teaching of the Catholic Church. So how can the Pope consider that a heresy?
In other words, Protestants consider it a heretical opinion, that the sacraments of the New Law give pardoning grace to those who do not set up an obstacle.
The Catholic Church Teaches.
Our dispositions do not cause the grace; they simply remove the obstacles to the freer flow of grace and, in a sense, make more room for grace. We might illustrate this by saying that the more sand we empty out of the pail, the more water the pail will hold.
Therefore, the Catholic Church Teaches that the Sacraments give pardoning grace to those who do not set up an obstacle.
Get it? Let’s do another one.
- To deny that in a child after baptism sin remains is to treat with contempt both Paul and Christ.
The Catholic Church Teaches that Baptism washes away all sin in infant or adult. Why would the Pope list this as an error?
Because it is Protestants consider it heretical to deny that sin remains in a child after baptism. That is why that say that those who believe this treat with contempt both Paul and Christ.
What doe the Catholic Church Teach? The Catholic Church denies that sin remains after a child is baptized. Luther, himself, taught that. But many Protestants consider it useless to baptize infants since children can not make a proclamation of faith.
Therefore since the Catholic Church denies that sin remains in a child after Baptism, Protestants say that the Catholic Church treats with contempt both Paul and Christ.
Ok, one more. I don’t understand #3, but look at #4.
- To one on the point of death imperfect charity necessarily brings with it great fear, which in itself alone is enough to produce the punishment of purgatory, and impedes entrance into the kingdom.
Protestants deny that Imperfect charity is enough to bring about the pains of Purgatory. Why? Because they deny that Purgatory exists.
Does the Church teach that belief in Purgatory is a heresy? No! The error is to teach that Purgatory is a heresy.
Therefore, all the heresies listed in Exsurge Domine are written from a Protestant point of view.
And when you get to #33, “That heretics be burned is against the will of the Spirit.”
So, Protestants consider it an error to believe that heretics be burned is against the will of the Spirit.
What does the Catholic Church Teach? That burning heretics is against the Will of the Spirit.