[quote="2co105, post:1, topic:323068"]
As I understand it, St. Jerome was translating from the greek and "Full of Grace" is 'plaras karitos' which only occurs 2 times in the New Testament greek. John 1:14 referring to Jesus and Acts 6:8 referring to Stephen. The greek of Luke 1:28 has the word, 'charitoō', which according to Strong's means:
1) to make graceful
a) charming, lovely, agreeable
2) to peruse with grace, compass with favour
3) to honour with blessings
Gabriel's word to Mary, translated into Greek by Luke, is in the passive voice, and means "to have grace bestowed upon". So, he is literally shown by Luke to be saying, "Hail, (you whom) grace has been bestowed upon". But he adds a second line, qualifying this first greeting, "The Lord is with you". He approaches her as approaching the Lord.
Gabriel treats her with respect given to royalty. Normally men kneel at the presence of Gabriel, but here he is the one showing honor. Notice Daniel's actions on seeing him: "And when he came, I was frightened and fell on my face" (Dan. 8)
Jerome faces the struggle of a translator and theologian, trying to make it clear what is really happening, but in the Latin language. You have Mary, who has had grace bestowed upon her, and the Lord is with her, literally. You have Gabriel, who is approaching with reverence to his superior. What is happening? He is "blessing her" by stating a "name" for her and speaking a (the) truth of her being. What is her "name"? and what is the truth of her being? As native americans give descriptives as names for people, that is sort of how Gabriel is speaking here. Mary's "name" is "one upon whom Grace has been bestowed", and her condition, her "blessing" is "the Lord is with you".
So, Jerome is also naming Mary with a like meaning phrase that is less clumsy: "Full of Grace" is the "name" that Gabriel called Mary when seen through Latin eyes. And if there is justification for using the word "full", it would be in the fact that the Lord is with her, which is a fullness, and which is grace because it is beyond anyone's capability to themselves make the Lord be with them.