Were the early Christians pacifists? [Akin]

jimmyakin.com/wp-content/uploads/centurion-300x284.jpgThere is a persistent claim that the early Christians were pacifists—in the strong sense of being opposed to all use of violence—and that it was not until the time of the Emperor Constantine that this began to change.

After Christianity became the official religion of the empire, the Church embraced the use of military force, with St. Augustine playing the part of the enabling villain, who came up with the idea of the just war.

This story plays with well-worn tropes: the fall from original innocence into corruption, the idea that Constantine corrupted the Church, that the Christianization of the empire was a bad thing, etc.

You may notice that these same tropes are often used in anti-Catholic apologetics stemming from the Protestant Reformation. That’s not surprising, since these tropes were needed to justify separation from the Church at the time of the Reformation.

It’s also not surprising that, relying on these same tropes, the denominations that historically have been strongly pacifistic stemmed from the Protestant community.

Most Protestants, of course, are not pacifists and recognize the legitimate use of military force, and there is a good reason for that: Protestants are the majority in many countries, just as Catholics are in others, and so they have been confronted with the task of ensuring the safety of their nations.

No nation can be safe if it is unwilling to use military force to defend itself. If, in the present, fallen state of the world, a nation were to suddenly renounce the use of military force and beat its swords into ploughshares, it would suffer a dire fate.

Either:

[LIST]
*]It would be conquered by its external enemies,
*]Its internal, criminal element would overrun it and turn it into a failed state,
*]Its more sensible-minded citizens would stage a coup and re-establish a government willing to use force to defend the nation, or
*]It would depend for its defense on another country that is less scrupulous about the use of force.
[/LIST]Any way you go, pacifism is not a stable, self-sustaining enterprise. It’s a dangerous world out there, and pacifists depend for their safety and security on the generosity and good will of non-pacifists.

Prior to the Christianization of the Roman empire, many Christians were not faced with the responsibility of defending the public and ensuring public order. As a result, some authors of this period had the luxury of entertaining pacifistic ideals without having to worry about keeping people safe.

But were they all in this condition? What about those Christians who were in the military?

What about the era of the New Testament itself? What attitude toward military service did it take?

Is the idea of a uniformly pacifist early Church accurate? Or does it distort what actually happened?

Here’s a video in which I take on the subject.

Click here to watch the video in your browser.

feeds.feedburner.com/~ff/jimmyakin/HPRf?d=yIl2AUoC8zA
http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/jimmyakin/HPRf/~4/8Z2ESvT1iSI

More…

Another gem from Senior Apologist Jimmy Akin! :slight_smile:

Prior to the Christianization of the Roman empire, many Christians were not faced with the responsibility of defending the public and ensuring public order.

Exactly. When your role changes, so do your duties and obligations.

Many of our recent bishops and Popes talk like pacifists, doubtless because they believe that to be the proper Christian view. However, we live in a dangerous and violent world.

I have gotten the sense many Bishops and Popes have not trusted the judgments of many world leaders. World War II certainly shook many in the Church and from there a steady outcry for a global body to solve problems and avoid war(s) - as opposed to Leader dealing with Leader. The problem is the UN failed and the outcry can sound confusing.

I would not say that the post WWII world has entirely failed to avoid war. The many wars since 1945 have been much smaller.

Outstanding, on point clarity! Thank you for this

That is exactly what Nevil Chamberlain did in the thirties? Proclaiming that giving in to Hitler’s demands had given us “peace for generations to come.”

Giving in to maniacal megalomaniacs does not bring peace. A posture of Strength deters aggression.

I agree.

DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed in these forums do not necessarily reflect those of Catholic Answers. For official apologetics resources please visit www.catholic.com.