I thought I would share some of the articles I have collected about this current Ebola outbreak. IF it can save a single life of a brother or sister in Christ then Praise God.
This is the Ebola fact/data sheet provided by the Canadian government and it has some interesting facts.
Early signs of infection are non-specific and flu-like, and may include sudden onset of fever, asthenia, diarrhea, headache, myalgia, arthralgia, vomiting, and abdominal pains Footnote 13. Less common early symptoms include conjunctival injection, sore throat, rashes, and bleeding. Shock, cerebral oedema, coagulation disorders, and secondary bacterial infection may co-occur later in infection Footnote 8. Haemorrhagic symptoms may begin 4 - 5 days after onset, including hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, pharyngitis, bleeding gums, oral/lip ulceration, hematemesis, melena, hematuria, epistaxis, and vaginal bleeding.
So Ebola first seems like the flu, and while a person shows symptoms they are contagious. Many people appear to get the disease from others who are in this phase of what seems to be basically a flu.
The largest recorded ebolavirus outbreak to date began in March 2014, with initial cases reported in Guinea and then additional cases identified in the surrounding regions (Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria). A new strain of the ZEBOV species was identified as the causative agent of the outbreak Footnote 16 Footnote 21 Footnote 22.
HOST RANGE: Humans, various monkey species, chimpanzees, gorillas, baboons, and duikers are natural animal hosts for ebolavirus Footnote 1 Footnote 2 Footnote 5 Footnote 22 Footnote 23 Footnote 24 Footnote 25 Footnote 26 Footnote 27 Footnote 28 Footnote 29 Footnote 30 Footnote 31. Serological evidence of immunity markers to ebolavirus in serum collected from domesticated dogs suggests asymptomatic infection is plausible, likely following exposure to infected humans or animal carrion Footnote 32 Footnote 33. The Ebolavirus genome was discovered in two species of rodents and one species of shrew living in forest border areas, raising the possibility that these animals may be intermediary hosts Footnote 34. Experimental studies of the virus have been done using mouse, pig, guinea pig, and hamster models, suggesting wild-type ebolavirus has limited pathogenicity in these models Footnote 35 Footnote 36.
Bats are considered to be a plausible reservoir for the virus. Serological evidence of infection with ebolavirus (antibody detection to EBOV, ZEBOV, and/or REBOV) has been reported in fruit bats collected from woodland and forested areas near Ghana and Gabon, with reduced frequency of isolation from bats collected in mainland China and Bangladesh
Ebola can live in the above listed animals, to include dogs. Whether it can jump to humans is affirmed if humans eat the host in the case of the fruit bats, but nothing proven otherwise. Still, ingesting the virus does seem to be another vector for getting Ebola and if a dog carrying the disease got into food, it would seem plausible that the disease could be picked up from the contaminated food.
INFECTIOUS DOSE: ***Viral hemorrhagic fevers have an infectious dose of 1 - 10 organisms by aerosol ***in non-human primates Footnote 41.
MODE OF TRANSMISSION: In an outbreak, it is hypothesized that the first ***patient becomes infected as a result of contact with an infected animal ***. Person-to-person transmission occurs via close personal contact with an infected individual or their body fluids during the late stages of infection or after death . Nosocomial infections can occur through contact with infected body fluids for example due to the reuse of unsterilized syringes, needles, or other medical equipment contaminated with these fluids . Humans may be infected by handling sick or dead non-human primates and are also at risk when handling the bodies of deceased humans in preparation for funerals.
In laboratory settings, ***non-human primates exposed to aerosolized ebolavirus ***from pigs have become infected, however, airborne transmission has not been demonstrated between non-human primates. Viral shedding has been observed in nasopharyngeal secretions and rectal swabs of pigs following experimental inoculation.
INCUBATION PERIOD: Two to 21 days.
COMMUNICABILITY: Communicable as long as blood, body fluids or organs, contain the virus. Ebolavirus has been ***isolated from semen 61 to 82 days after the onset of illness, and transmission through semen has occurred 7 weeks ***after clinical recovery.
OK, so Ebola can be spread airborne, but only proven so far to spread from pigs to monkeys that way. No proof it can spread between humans or apes.
Ebola is also transmitted sexually up to 7 weeks after it is cleared from the rest of the body.