I vote “j” with occasional additions from the other categories.
From my perspective as a Lutheran and based on the discussions on a number of threads on CAF, I often think that one of the major obstacles is our (Lutheran and Catholic) inability to let the sixteenth century rest and to focus on the twenty-first century in which we live out our faith. I find it sad that so many discussions focus on the character – and the character flaws – of Luther, Pope Leo X, and other Reformers and Catholics of the past.
Now, a few thoughts on the other choices:
a) Disagreement as to whether salvation is an event or a process?
If this refers to OSAS, I’m firmly on the Catholic side of the question. I believe that our salvation is not guaranteed – we have the ability to reject Christ and the salvation he brings. Why anyone would want to do that, I don’t know.
b) Disagreement about the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception?
I don’t think of the Immaculate Conception as an issue so much as something that has little or no bearing on my relationship to Christ. No matter the state of her soul at the time of her conception, the Mother of God is a model of faith and obedience.
c) Disagreement about praying for the dead?
We do pray for the dead, although it normally ends with the commendation at the end of the funeral service: “Into your hands, O merciful Savior, we commend your servant, (name). Acknowledge, we humbly beseech you, a sheep of your own fold, a lamb of your own flock, a sinner of your own redeeming. Receive him/her into the arms of your mercy, into the blessed rest of everlasting peace, and into the glorious company of the saints in light.”
With that prayer, we have passed control over to our Lord. We trust fully that the deceased is now in the best possible hands, far from needing anything our poor powers might be able to do.
d) Disagreement about the existence of purgatory?
The answer to © pretty well takes care of this. There would seem to be no need for purgatory if one is in our Lord’s hands, the same Lord who was willing to sit down with outcasts and sinners and, perhaps, even change them.
e) Disagreement about how to understand baptism?
I don’t think we have any disagreements about baptism.
f) Disagreement about the doctrine of Transubstantiation?
From a Lutheran perspective, we don’t see any need for the doctrine of Transubstantiation. The words of our Lord are sufficient: “this is my body” and “this is the new covenant in my blood.” How it comes to be so is a mystery which is, at best, imperfectly explained by any doctrine.
g) Disagreement about confession of one’s sins being heard by a priest?
There is nothing wrong with confessing one’s sins to a priest (or pastor) and hearing the words of absolution. However, a mandating that one must take part in individual, auricular confession is an issue.
h) Disagreement about the perpetual virginity of the Mother of God?
Whether or not the Mother of our Lord remained a virgin is another of those issues which has no effect on my faith in her son. It also has no effect on my admiration for her for what she most certainly is – the one chosen to bring the Incarnate Word into the world.
i) Disagreement about the papacy and papal infallibility?
I don’t see the papacy as the head of all Christians. At the same time, I recognize him as the Catholic Bishop of Rome and as the head, by consent of Catholics, of the Catholic Church throughout the world. One can argue, too, that if Catholics do not consent, they are not really Catholics. Also, I am a great admirer of John Paul II and, so far, of Benedict XVI.
I am not convinced that papal infallibility is anything to be assumed. I hope and pray that all papal teaching on faith and morals will be correct, but I’m not persuaded that the charism of infallibility exists.
Just a few thoughts.