What does it mean to "celebrate" Mass?

In a recent post, you cited the Code of Canon Law which states: “A person who is conscious of grave sin is not to celebrate Mass or receive the body of the Lord without previous sacramental confession unless there is a grave reason and there is no opportunity to confess…"

I noticed that this not only warns against receiving the Eucharist in the state of grave sin, but also says, “not to celebrate Mass” before confessing such sin. Therefore, does this mean that if one does not immediately confess, s/he **commits yet another sin **by attending Sunday Mass…even without receiving Holy Communion? Or is it possible that this particular phrase refers to priests, who are not to celebrate Mass, thereby handling the consecrated host, if in a state of grave sin? Thank you for clarifying this for us.

Your second assumption is correct - “celebrate”, as used here, means what the priest does. While grave sin prohibits one from receiving the Eucharist it does not prohibit him from otherwise participating in the Mass.

DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed in these forums do not necessarily reflect those of Catholic Answers. For official apologetics resources please visit www.catholic.com.