Ethereality. You asked:
What does Jesus mean by ‘many are called, but few are chosen’? Mt 22:14
It seems to contradict the Fatherhood of God. . . . .
Why would God call* many but only choose a few?
Many are called, but few are chosen
Many are called
“Many are called” has to do with God drawing us to Him. God HAS to make the first move towards us. This is a grace.
It is called “God’s prevenient grace”.
Everyone gets that grace.
ALL are INVITED.
(Admittedly, I don’t know why the Gospel says “many” instead of “all” unless it means the same thing here or it was focusing on the parable which would have wider application in principle.)
Below emphasis mine . . . .
JOHN 3:16 16 For God so loved THE WORLD that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.
JOHN 12:32 32 and I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to myself."
1st JOHN 4:19 19 We love, because he first loved us.
CCC 1037a God predestines no one to go to hell . . .
And as PJM said: 1 Tim 2:4.
(All who go to Hell, make that willful choice.)
Few are chosen
The “few are chosen” has to do with not only God drawing us to Him, but OUR RESPONSE to Him.
This is the part of the equation that includes our free will. Not God’s Fatherhood.
CCC 546 Jesus’ invitation to enter his kingdom comes in the form of parables, a characteristic feature of his teaching.261 Through his parables he invites people to the feast of the kingdom, but he also asks for a radical choice: to gain the kingdom, one must give everything.262 Words are not enough, deeds are required.263 The parables are like mirrors for man: will he be hard soil or good earth for the word?264 What use has he made of the talents he has received?265 Jesus and the presence of the kingdom in this world are secretly at the heart of the parables. One must enter the kingdom, that is, become a disciple of Christ, in order to “know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven”.266 For those who stay “outside”, everything remains enigmatic.267
CCC 1037 God predestines no one to go to hell;620 for this, a willful turning away from God (a mortal sin) is necessary, and persistence in it until the end. In the Eucharistic liturgy and in the daily prayers of her faithful, the Church implores the mercy of God, who does not want “any to perish, but all to come to repentance”:621
[INDENT]Father, accept this offering
from your whole family.
Grant us your peace in this life,
save us from final damnation,
and count us among those you have chosen.622[/INDENT]
MATTHEW 22:1-14 1 And again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, 2 "The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who gave a marriage feast for his son, 3 and sent his servants to call those who were invited to the marriage feast; but they would not come. 4 Again he sent other servants, saying, ‘Tell those who are invited, Behold, I have made ready my dinner, my oxen and my fat calves are killed, and everything is ready; come to the marriage feast.’ 5 But they made light of it and went off, one to his farm, another to his business, 6 while the rest seized his servants, treated them shamefully, and killed them. 7 The king was angry, and he sent his troops and destroyed those murderers and burned their city. 8 Then he said to his servants, ‘The wedding is ready, but those invited were not worthy. 9 Go therefore to the thoroughfares, and invite to the marriage feast as many as you find.’ 10 And those servants went out into the streets and gathered all whom they found, both bad and good; so the wedding hall was filled with guests. 11 “But when the king came in to look at the guests, he saw there a man who had no wedding garment; 12 and he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you get in here without a wedding garment?’ And he was speechless. 13 Then the king said to the attendants, ‘Bind him hand and foot, and cast him into the outer darkness; there men will weep and gnash their teeth.’ 14 For many are called, but few are chosen.”
Hopefully this is helpful for you.