I am not referring here to a “lack of form” procedure, where, if I am understanding matters correctly, a priest can go ahead and collect the proof (previous marriage attempted outside the Church, e.g., by a justice of the peace), and not “hold up” the marriage if there is a pressing reason to go ahead and marry the couple. That’s not the norm, but I believe I am correct in understanding that this can be done, if there is indeed some grave reason to do so.
No, I am referring to putatively valid Catholic marriages (or other such marriages presumed to be either naturally or sacramentally valid as the case might be) for which the only proofs of invalidity would be subjective ones, yet there is no annulment in place, nor might one even have been applied for in the first place.
Are there canonical penalties, or any other kinds of penalties? If so, what are they? And if not, what would be done about something like this?
I hope I don’t run afoul of CAF guidelines by suggesting this possibility. If so, I hope the moderators will exercise their prerogative of deleting the thread.