i want to know about early christianity.so pls give me some authentic information.didn’t they believe in trinity?
WHAT ARE THE ROMAN CATACOMBS?
The catacombs are underground tunnels that were forged out of soft rock. They are long, marrow winding corridors. The dead were buried in the walls on either side. From time to time, going through these corridors, one comes to a wider space like a room. In these rooms the Christians would gather for the sacrifice of the Mass so as to worship free from the pagan’s persecutions.
Burial in the catacombs stopped when the barbarians plundered Rome. The popes removed the relics of the saints and martyrs from the catacombs. The catacombs, once abandoned, were gradually forgotten and not discovered again until the end of the sixteenth century. Most famous of the catacombs is that of St. Callistus, where many of the popes were buried after they were martyred for the faith.
HOW THE CATACOMBS BEAR WITNESS TO THE TRUE CATHOLIC FAITH TODAY
An authentic Catholic catechism, containing to true Catholic teachings, could be composed from the pictures and inscriptions on the tombs and walls of ancient catacombs of the first three centuries. Pictures, medals, and inscriptions in the catacombs identify the faith of the early Christians with the Catholic faith.
The catacombs prove that the first Christians believed that Jesus Christ is true God and true Man. They also believed in the Real Presence of Jesus in the holy Eucharist, the divine institution of the papacy, the dignity of the mother of God, the intercession of the saints, purgatory, prayers for the deceased.
The emblem of the fish, ichthys, was frequently used in the catacombs. It is a symbol of the Lord Jesus, for the Greek word ichthys means “fish” and its letters are the initials for “Jesus Christ, God’s Son, Savior.” When Christians spoke of “receiving the fish”, they meant to receive Jesus in Holy communion.
Frequently, pictures of our Savior in the catacombs reveal him as the Good Shepherd., carrying the lost sheep on his shoulders. This is the ancient biblical form which reveals the same message as our modern devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. A number of people are sitting around a table on which is bread and fish.
Death and resurrection were often in the minds of the early Christians, as indicated by the pictures of Noah and the ark, Jonah and the whale, Daniel in the lions’ den, and the raising of Lazarus. Their faith in resurrection and eternal life gave them courage in facing death under persecution. There is also the famous account of Tarsicius being martyred a he took the holy Eucharist, the bread of life, to Christian prisoners.
The eucharistic sacrifice of the Mass was offered in the catacombs on the altars under which rested the bodies of martyrs. Catholic altars even today have “altar stones” in which the relics of saints and martyrs were placed by bishops when they consecrated the altar stones.
A Catechism of the Catholic Church, by Robert J. Fox. Franciscan Herald Press, pgs. 20, 21
That the first Christians believed in three divine Persons in the Godhead can be deduced from the baptismal formula found in Matthew 28:19:
19Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
The first known use of the word Trinity in reference to the Godhead occurs in a book by St. Theophilus of Antioch, To Autolycus (2:15), written about A.D. 181.
Besides the New Testament, the writings of the Fathers of the Church contain info on early Christianity.
The Early Church believeed in the Doctrine of the Trinity. However there were many small splinter groups that started developing and some of these denied the Trinity in many different ways. for instance some denier the Holy Spirit was God, some denied that Christ was God, , that christ was a true human, and many other versions. The Church was under ground during this time. Then faced and addressed these issues as soon as it became a religion permitted in the empire.
I would start with the New Testament:thumbsup:
Good place to start as the first Christians (the Apostles) were Catholics.
LOL they were jewish;) until Antioch then they were called christians.
I would call them fullfilled jews because the Messiah came for the jews first.
The New Testament was written by the first Catholics. Christ established the Catholic Church on Peter.