Why is liberation theology, condemned by the Church? I’v only just heard the term but It seems very much in keeping with the story of the loaves and fishes. Being humble, loving one and other, equality of Gods children. :shrug:
You are correct that Jesus taught us to love our neighbor as ourselves and to care for the poor. Liberation Theology does much to bring those issues to the forefront. However the problem with Liberation Theology is that it distorts the Gospel message from one of salvation and transformation to mere social work.
All forms of oppression, slavery and injustice have their roots in personal sin. Liberation from personal sin is what eliminates those secondary effects. Liberation Theology essentially focuses on the symptoms rather than the disease. Liberation Theology has tendencies towards Marxism (focus on class struggle rather than individual sin) and tends to focus on systems rather than persons. This branch of theology has also been used to justify violence.
Authentic Christianity declares that Jesus Christ died for sin and offers us new life through grace. Liberation Theology has a tendency to focus on reforming unjust earthly systems with only secondary regard for the sins of the individuals involved. While it is certainly praiseworthy and holy to commit one’s life to opposing injustice, we need to remember that Jesus died so that we might have eternal life not just better access to social programs. What good are all the social programs in the world if we are still slaves to sin? And how can those social programs not be abused by those who control them if they are still ruled by original sin?
The Church condemns injustice, oppression and slavery. The Church seeks to rouse the conscience of those who can affect change. The Church preaches that we are commanded (not suggested) to love one another. But all these things must be done in accordance with the truth of the Gospel.
For further reading I recommend: CDF’s Instruction on certain aspects of the “Theology of Liberation”