I mean the former, which is the plain interpretation of “salvation”. “Eventual” has little context, since eternal life is eternal. An indulgence, as you no doubt know, remits temporal punishment. It does not affect whether or not one is saved; therefore, any instructor claiming that the selling of indulgences = selling of salvation is factually and theologically wrong, no ifs, ands, or buts.
I’m not going to be drawn into an argument on the merits of a phrase that the OP’s teacher may or may not use. I agree that it’s a bad description. My point is simply that a person might use such a description as a good-faith shortcut, and that a respectful and specific restatement is preferable to an angry accusation of bias or falsehood.
Bias and falsehood are two different things. If they resort to incorrect formulations, even as a shortcut, they ought to be called on it. Presumably they are not being paid to peddle untruths.
They have a right to their own opinions, not their own facts. A good instructor will not present the former as the latter.
Nor am I going to get into a discussion of Luther’s failings, which are not the point (unless the teacher should try to present Luther as a spotless hero, which is unlikely).
Actually, it’s quite likely. That is what I was taught about Luther during my primary education, and I grew up in the most Catholic state in the union.
Luther’s failings are fair game if one is going to talk about the practices of Catholic clergymen and laity. After all, the whole point of the Reformation was the “reform” of these practices. A fair discussion will note Luther’s less-than-wonderful example, as with Calvin, Zwingli, Cranmer et al. This is particularly important if one is to have any context at all for the Thirty Years War and why it was so brutal.
One must present both sides. A student of military history would get nowhere looking at only one side of a conflict, as battles are waged between opponents. The Reformation was a battle against the Church, and one must understand something of it in order to understand it at all.