Based on a few posts from another thread, I have decided to post something here for everyone to read. This deals with “Israel”. It explains what Israel is, who Israel is, the two Covenants, and more. It takes us from the Old Testament, up to the new, and explains certain things than many misunderstand about “Israel”. It is a little long, but worth reading. This was originally written as a letter to my father who is a Protestant. I am going to leave off the first part of the letter, since it was personal, which is why it will start abruptly
The Story of Israel
The Old Testament often pre-figures the New Testament, while the New Testament is the literal fulfillment of the Old. The Old Testament is a literally true account of things that really happened, but it also foreshadowed what was to come in the New Testament. God’s ways are infinite and He has used Old Testament stories, as “types”, or “shadows” of New Testament realities. The Old Testament stories, although they are true, are often allegories of the New Testament. For example: The story of Joseph is an allegory of Jesus. Joseph was betrayed by his brothers, only to become the prince of Egypt, just as Jesus was betrayed by His brother’s, the Jews, only to become the King of Kings and Lord of Lords. There are many parallels between the story of Joseph and Jesus. From this allegory, we also know that at the end, the Jews will realize what they have done, repent, and convert to Christianity, just as Joseph’s brother’s - the tribes of Israel - repented of what they did to Joseph.
Another allegory is seen with Moses, who led the children of Israel out of slavery from the land of Egypt. This is another parallel of Jesus who leads us out of the slavery of sin. When in the desert, God fed the Israelites with “Manna from Heaven”, and in the New Testament, Jesus feeds us with the True Manna from Heaven in Holy Communion. The Manna during Moses’ day was only a “shadow” of the true Manna that Jesus would provide. “Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but My Father giveth you the true bread from heaven. … Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead. This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die. I am the living bread which cometh down from heaven. If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give is my flesh, for the life of the world” (John 6:32,49-52).
The sacrifice of the Paschal lamb was a “type” of the Sacrifice of Jesus, who John the Baptist called “the Lamb of God who takest away the sins of the world” (John 1:29). There are many parallels between the sacrifice of the Old Testament Paschal lamb and the Sacrifice of Jesus: one parallel is that Jesus died on the day the Paschal Lamb was sacrificed - Passover - showing that He was the true “Lamb of God” that the Paschal lamb merely pointed to.