**## A lie is a lie - as such, it is never allowed. To complicate things, telling the whole truth can also be sinful. But to lie, is not allowed under any circumstances whatever.
Or perhaps, dodging a question, saying something that’s not a direct lie, just doesn’t tell the whole story, so to speak.
## To leave things out is not always wrong - doing so can come within the allowable type of mental reservation
Take the following scenario…
## All lies are always wrong. I always find this passage very inspiring (the author is J.H. Newman, writing of St. Philip Neri):
*]To one other authority I appeal on this subject, which commands from me attention of a special kind, for they are the words of a Father. It will serve to bring my work to a conclusion.
*]“St. Philip,” says the Roman Oratorian who wrote his Life, "had a particular dislike of affectation both in himself and others, in speaking, in dressing, or in any thing else.
*]"He avoided all ceremony which savoured of worldly compliment, and always showed himself a great stickler for Christian simplicity in every thing; so that, when he had to deal with men of worldly prudence, he did not very readily accommodate himself to them.
*]"And he avoided, as much as possible, having any thing to do with two-faced persons, who did not go simply and straightforwardly to work in their transactions.
*]“As for liars, he could not endure them, and he was continually reminding his spiritual children, to avoid them as they would a pestilence.”[/LIST][LIST]
*]newmanreader.org/works/apologia65/chapter5.html[/LIST]& there is this:
*]We have seen how gentle and kind St Philip always was toward those around him. He also demanded absolute honesty and integrity in his relationships. “He could not bear two-faced persons,” Cardinal Newman tells us, and “as for liars, he could not endure them, and was continually reminding his spiritual children to avoid them as they would a pestilence.” Lying to avoid embarrassment was even worse; he insisted that his followers accept the crosses that came to them daily, since “he who runs away from the Cross the Lord sends him” through daily humiliations “will meet a bigger one on the road.” The faithfulness that St Philip practiced and demanded of others was not relaxed in the face of adversity or hardship. On the contrary, he insisted, “poverty and tribulations are given us by God as trials of our fidelity.”
St Philip recognized how difficult it is to maintain this fidelity, especially toward God, in the face of trials…[/LIST]
*]http://www.secularoratory.com/HolySpirit.htm[/LIST]**What we are allowed to do - but should not do unless it is absolutely necessary - is, use a mental reservation. There have been two sorts - one has long ago been declared morally wrong, the other is permissible. This article from the old Catholic Encylopedia gives a good account: **
*]http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10195b.htm[/LIST]What that article called “the common Catholic teaching” is affirmed in the CCC:
*]http://ccc.scborromeo.org.master.com/texis/master/search/?sufs=0&q=lying&xsubmit=Search&s=SS[/LIST]A few of the references to lying are to the bodily extended sort, but you can always undertake a different search
Hope that helps