Who tempted Lucifer?

There are three ways in which we can be tempted:

-The World
-The Flesh
-The Devil

  1. Lucifer wasnt in the world when he fell and things that appeal to worldly humans dont appeal to spiritual beings.

  2. Lucifer being pure spirit did not have flesh obviously. Moreover, he was not created with original sin, so he was unable to be tempted from within himself.

  3. There was no devil yet to tempt him because he was still apart of the angelic choir and he was the first angel to fall.

So, how did Lucifer fall? “Pride” isnt the answer for all of the reasons listed.

Those are the three ways in which we, as humans, may be tempted! As you’ve pointed out, they do not apply to Lucifer. :wink:

His hang-up, we are told, is one of pride; he refused to serve a God who would create humanity.

Correction - he refused to worship a God who would become human. Thus, his sin was pride as you correctly pointed out.

-Tim-

Where did this hang up originate from if it could not come from within himself?

I think Lucifer sinned without being tempted. All it takes to sin is to know the will of God and will the contrary. Temptation can provide us with false motives for willing the contrary of God’s will, but I don’t think temptation is absolutely necessary to do that. As a being with free will, Lucifer was capable of willing the contrary of God’s will. When he was shown the will of God, he had the opportunity to sin, and he chose to. Does that make sense?

I remember reading somewhere, though it could have been wrong, that he very likely had a problem with God’s plan for Mary as well. It wasn’t bad enough that God would become human himself, but that he would make a mere human Queen of Heaven.

God only became human because of the sin of man? I was told by a priest it was humans that satan would refuse to worship and thus tempted the first two humans.

No, because every sin starts with temptation. You have to have a choice before you can choose something. Being presented with the choices is the temptation. Are you saying God tempted Lucifer?

It is essentially jealousy in what you describe, but where did that temptation that leads to the sin of pride and jealousy come from? It could not have come from himself since he was made perfect and possessed no fallen nature.

Angels are not corporeal but they were created when God created heaven and earth. Angels are spirit but they are still part of God’s creation.

Therein lies your answer.

-Tim-

I don’t think presenting people with a choice is tempting them. One reason is because to tempt people is to say that one choice is better than another. Therefore there has to be a choice before there can be a temptation. Once you have a right option and a wrong option, and free will, it seems to me that you automatically have the option of choosing wrongly, even if no one tells you to and/or tempts you. Does that make sense?

I am not agreeing with your premise of the order.

Its Temptation -> Decision -> Sin/Not Sin

There has to be a choice before there is a sin, but temptation always comes first. It is part of making a choice, the pondering of what to do.

I don’t agree with your understanding of temptation.

I think the only necessary order is: Two Options > Decision > Sin/Not Sin

For humans, temptation enters in between “two options” and “decision” either because the devil tells us that a lesser option is greater than the option God wants us to choose, the world tells us that, or our own concupiscence tells us that. But I don’t think it’s fundamentally necessary for temptation to precede decision. There’s nothing that would logically make it impossible to make the wrong choice even if there was no tempter, because, as long as you have free will and two options, you are free to choose either one.

**Edit :: Actually, when I just re-read my statement, it made me realize that there’s a neat argument from logic alone for this:

  1. Given two options and a free will, an agent can choose option B.
  2. Lucifer had two options and a free will.
  3. Therefore, Lucifer could choose option B.

See? Logic requires that you can choose option B so long as it is available and you have free will. Therefore, it seems to me that temptation is not an absolute prerequisite to sin. The only necessary prerequisites are the presence of two options and a free agent.

In addition to free will, we have our intellect as do angels. In order to make use of free will, we have to use our intellect.

Are you saying a persion can make a decision without thinking? I can agree to that, but such a scenario wouldnt involve sinning though, since sin requires knowledge of the act.

I agree with that. My understanding of St. Thomas Aquinas is that he taught that the free will and the intellect are causally related. The will moves the intellect to think, and the intellect considers stuff so that the will can will them. See the Summa Theologica Part 1 Question 82 Article 4. In part based on this, it is my understanding that a free choice is a choice directed by the intellect to a particular end. Therefore, if my understanding is correct, the existence of free will presupposes the possession of intelligence, and the act of freely choosing includes the act of intelligently thinking.

It would be the World. Since Lucifer is not eternal, he must have been created, and must have been created into some plane of existence (World). Since he is spiritual that would be Heaven.

It was that his World (Heaven) was not going to be the way he wanted (God being Incarnated and Mary being Queen of Heaven) and was tempted to fix it.

I think the confusion comes from limiting “The world” to planet Earth

The only reason we fall to temptation is because we are in a wounded state in this imperfect world. We are vulnerable to sin because of that.

For a being who was not in a wounded state, for what reason would he fall? The temptation to “fix it” would not have been appealing to a spiritual being with no original sin.

Hmm. If we grant the common story that the idea of humans (or the Incarnation) had something to do with Lucifer’s choice to rebel, then there was an outside factor that could have led to his decision. Not “the world” or “the flesh” as we experience them, but related to both. Namely, that the material creation and the fleshly creatures within were the most beloved of God, and the angels – though created first and superior in every measurable way – were intended to serve God’s human children, who would become one with Him in a way available to no angel.

It would seem that from that, pure intellectual pride could develop and take Lucifer the rest of the way. (“I am magnificent, the first and greatest creation, second only to God Himself*. Yet now I am told my destiny is to be a servant to a race of barely-intelligent mudballs, whom the Creator will raise up to an unimaginable degree of glory by lowering Himself to their level first. Better to rule in Hell…”)

  • An infinitely distant second, of course, but still true enough in his mind.

Usagi

Adam and Eve’s sin ruptured the unity and integrity of all creation. Sin entered creation through Adam. It is explained by Paul in Romans 5:12-14.

-Tim-

Except Lucifer was around before Adam and Eve. How was his integrity ruptured? Pride wouldn’t seem to be the answer, as it is a human emotion. I’d think a spiritual being would not be attracted to such a thing, especially one with no original sin to weaken him.

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