Both the male-only priesthood and the eligibility of women to receive Holy Communion are practices inherited from the earliest days of the Church. These practices presumably pre-date the writing of the Gospels, so they couldn't be derived from the Gospels, they come instead from the same source as the Gospels: the Apostles and earliest disciples, guided by the Holy Spirit.
In more recent times, the male-only priesthood has been attacked, and accounts of the Last Supper have been used to defend the traditional practice. In the unlikely event that the eligibility of women to receive Holy Communion was attacked, other passages from the Bible might be used. As other posters have noted, there is ample evidence from Scripture that women were part of the early Church. Add to that 1 Corinthians 10:17, which says in reference to the Eucharist:
"Because there is one bread, we who are many are one body, for we all partake of the one bread."
All Christians are called to receive Holy Communion, if they can receive worthily.
[quote="Emma87, post:1, topic:182588"]
I was reading about the Church's reasons for why women cannot be priests, and it made me think of a question. Part of the reasoning was that the Priest acts in the person of Christ, and Christ was a man, so therefore the Priest should be a man also. But it seems the biggest reason for a male-only priesthood is that Jesus only chose men to be his Apostles. He could have chosen some women, but picked only men when He instituted the priesthood. Well, when He instituted the sacrament of the Eucharist at the last supper, He didn't invite any women then either. How do we know that Jesus meant for women to receive Communion when He didn't include them at the last supper? If His choosing only men as Apostles is significant, why isn't it significant that He chose only men to receive the Eucharist at the last supper?
I'm not asking this in an effort to prove that women may as well be priests, so additional reasons why they can't, while they may be interesting, are not what I'm looking for. I really am curious as to why I am allowed to receive Communion. Thanks!