[quote="mick321, post:18, topic:196223"]
Perhaps someone from the Deep South would care to comment on the segregation of Catholic churches and schools from the 1860's through the 1960's.
The situation that immediately comes to mind is of the former French/Spanish colony which became known as the State of Louisiana. The Catholic Church established its presence with the founding of the City of New Orleans by the French in 1718. From that time through the Spanish era [1763-1783], the establishment of the Diocese of Louisiana , statehood , Louisiana became the most culturally diverse region of the US. Even to this day, a higher percentage of Catholics of African decent reside in Louisiana than any other US state.
With statehood, came the introduction of the black/white racial sensibilities of carpeting-bagging "American" immigrants from the English-speaking states. Civil War, Reconstruction, Jim Crow, and one hundred years of institutional segregation followed.
I don't know exactly what was taught in those predominantly white Catholic churches and schools. Whatever it was, many Catholics went along, right up to the Civil Rights Era of the 1950-60's and beyond.
I am from the south and I was born in 1950. My Jewish parents sent me to Catholic schools because public schools discriminated not only against blacks, but also Jews and Catholics. My brothers and I were taken in by the Franciscan brothers who ran the local school and high school. This actually influenced my interest in Catholicism and eventually led to my conversion at age 20.
The segregation in Catholic schools was more cultural than racial. We had women such as St. Katherine Drexel who founded the Franciscan Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament for the education of black and indigenous people. The Dominicans and Franciscans always protected the rights of the indigenous people of the Americas. The two most famous men were the Franciscan, Juniper Serra and the Dominican, Bartolome de las Casas. Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton's schools received children of all races. They were below the Mason Dixon Line. The Josephites were founded to minister to the black people in Georgia.
The segregation among Catholics was cultural and linguistic. For example, in Maine and New Hampshire there were separate schools for the English speaking and the French speaking. These schools remained in existence until the 1970s, because many of the towns bordering with Canada were not English speaking. They were French speaking. It was not until after 1950 that the French community in northwestern New England became fully fluent in English. The same happened in the former Mexican states that are now part of the USA. The separation was due to language and culture, not race.
Br. JR, OSF :)