Why doesn't the Protestant "Apocrypha" match the Catholic Deuterocanon?

This is one I have somewhat laid out on here in somewhat different ways on some other posts but here goes:
The Catholic Bible has seven more books than Protestants.
Baruch( With Letter of Jeremiah as Ch 6)
1 Maccabees
2 Maccabees
Also are additions to Daniel and Esther in our Bibles.
Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Jews
Bel and the Dragon

Most Catholics think the Protestant Apocrypha is equal to the Catholic Deuterocanonical Books, but they include three others.
1 Esdras
2 Esdras
Prayer of Manasseh

So what is up with the inconsistency? How did these books end up in the Protestant Apocrypha if they were never considered a part of the Catholic canon to begin with? Wouldn’t one think that these three obviously had to have been part of the Bible before Trent otherwise they would not have been in the Protestant Apocrypha?
Also I read Catholics usually call them 3 and 4 Esdras. I’m just confused on the inconsistency. Did the Church at one time consider these three texts scripture and Trent rejected them?


1 Like

Were they in their apocrypha from the beginning, or were they recently added?

No they were in the original 1611 KJV


Some newer Bibles like the NRSV include some Orthodox exclusive books like 3 and 4 Maccabees and Psalm 151 but that is somewhat of a recent thing in the whole common Bible movement.

Old 1 Esdras = new Ezra
Old 2 Esdras = new Nehemiah
Old 3 Esdras = new 1 Esdras
Old 4 Esdras = new 2 Esdras

1 Like

The Prayer of Manasseh appears as an appendix to many editions of the Vulgate Bible since the council of Trent.

It’s been nearly 20 years since I’ve given this any study, but (if I recall) the Protestant “Apocrypha” is based on both Catholic and Orthodox scriptures that they do not accept as canon. 3 and 4 Esdras plus others are still in the Orthodox canon.

I would say that there’s a certain matter of ‘perspective’ to be considered here…

No, folks removed books from the Bible, and therefore, Protestant Bibles have seven less books than Catholic Bibles.

No… there are deletions from Daniel and Esther in non-Catholic Bibles.

It sounds pedantic to put it that way, but it more accurately describes the situation: it wasn’t the Catholic Church who changed the canon of the Bible, it was Reformers who did this. :man_shrugging:

Perhaps, if one thinks that the Orthodox Church wasn’t also in existence in the 1500s… :wink:

Yes but they were in the Vulgate as well.

Also they were in the original Douay Rheims Bible following the Old Testament.

So why were these three excluded from the canon but all the others were accepted?

Correction: The Protestant bible has seven less books than the actual bible.

1 Like

This topic was automatically closed 14 days after the last reply. New replies are no longer allowed.

DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed in these forums do not necessarily reflect those of Catholic Answers. For official apologetics resources please visit www.catholic.com.