[quote="hansard, post:4, topic:306536"]
I didn't go to the link. I just read the quoted section.
The thing about science fiction is that there is virtually never any religion portrayed at all. If there is something unknown about the universe, the characters in science fiction try to solve it through (you guessed it) science, even if the science is fanciful.
One of the points of conflict (if that's the right word) is that science does not make religious claims, but religion makes scientific claims.
Science does not make religious claims. For example, no scientist would rely on an ancient text of dubious authorship to explain the origins of the world. No doctor tells you that prayer will cure your illness. No physicist ever goes to God for answers about quantum theory. The mysteries of the universe are solved by reason. Those matters beyond science at the moment will be solved eventually.
Religion, however, makes scientific claims. If God created the universe, then we have to deal with a universe where the laws of physics are dependent on the will of a spirit being. If humans are about 7,000 years old, we have to completely revisit the science of evolution. If God can communicate telepathically with humans (hearing prayers, for example), then we have an entirely new and unpredictable way of thinking about neuroscience. If a three-day corpse can walk out of his tomb, then walk through walls and shortly thereafter float to the sky and exist in another dimension, then virtually all laws of physics must be thrown out the window. The same with turning water into wine, healing the blind with saliva and mud, walking on water and resurrecting a corpse.
If religion is to make those claims, it has to have something to back it up. This requires an independent, impartial source (so the Bible, which presupposes the existence of God, is unacceptable).
Science is limited to the material universe. It's not applicable to what lies, metaphysically speaking, outside. Why is there a universe at all? What existed before time? What caused the universe to come into being? These are metaphysical and religious questions not accessable to the scientific method, which after all, relies on the physics of our universe.