The British and Foreign Bible Society and its allied institutions were established to circulate the Holy Scriptures. Their funds were used to print Bibles which included the deuterocanonicals. Some folks complained about the use of such funds for the printing of the Apocrypha part of the Bible. The Committee met and agreed and henceforth, the deuterocanonicals were omitted.
The above is the practical explanation why the deuterocanonicals are not printed together with the Protestant Bible.
But as to WHY and HOW such books were determined to be excluded from the Bible, I have never ever able to track it down. There was no Protestant Church Council equivalent that has been authorized to do that. No one has claim divine inspiration for this surgery either. Certain people gives their own reason why such and such a book should not be in there, but largely that is self opinionated with no historical support. Each of the reformers have their own POV but I couldn’t definitely track it to any particular event that vetted the process and came into finalization.
The blunt answer is that these books contained information that directly contradicted Martin Luther’s own interpretation of scripture and what he personally believed to be correct. He relegated them to a lesser status while leaving them intact, though separated, in his breakdrown of the Bible. They were then removed entirely by King James when he compiled his edition.
Those books are not in the Protestant Bible because one scrupulous monk and one adulterous king decided that they knew better than God.
In addition to the other explanations that have already been given on this thread, there is one further consideration to which Luther attached great importance, namely that none of these books are included in the Jewish canon. If you are interested in following up this angle, you could try the online Jewish Encyclopedia. It’s very old – it’s the 1906 edition – but the entry for “Bible Canon” (link below) goes into considerable detail about the history of the selection process. What it doesn’t tell us, of course, is what Luther’s reasons were for following the Jewish lead and excluding the same books from his German translation of the OT.
The thread descended into chaos as so many do around here, but the first 8 posts or so are very good. There are a few more interesting ones that pop up later on, just there are 2 or 3 people arguing for most of the thread, so it’s hard to find them.
Wow, that’s a good source of history that you got there.
Yes, it is baffling most if not all people that I know in the Churches in various denomination as to why this section of the Bible is not even used or read in the daily reading schedule or in the Church.