Before leaving on vacation for my anniversary, I came across an old “closed” post started in December 2007 & closed January 2008. It asked about whether Wisdom 2:12-20 is a prophecy about Jesus:
I thought I would open it back up in lieu of a book I’ve been reading that argues it’s not an actual prophecy about the future, but rather referencing past prophecies written earlier in Jewish history. This is an excerpt from the book:
Psalm 2:7 reads, "I will tell of the decree of the LORD: He said to Me, “You are My Son, Today I have begotten You.” This is a clear reference to 2 Samuel 7:14, when God instructed the prophet Nathan to tell David an eternal kingdom will be established on his throne after his death, and “I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me.”
Although the immediate context of this passage applied to King David’s son, Solomon, who would build the Temple after King David died, these words had a more profound and prophetic application to the future Messiah. Who would refer to Himself as “the Son of God” (Matthew 27:40,43). Later the writer of Hebrews quoted Psalm 2:7 and 2 Samuel 7:14 to refer specifically to Jesus (Hebrews 1:5), and the apostle Paul even mentioned this quote about Jesus came from “the second Psalm” (Acts 13:33)."
- source: Why Protestant Bibles Are Smaller [book].
While Wisdom 2:12-20 is used as evidence of a prophetic book in the Old Testament about the future Jewish Messiah fulfilled in Jesus Christ (and therefore belongs in the Old Testament canon), it really seems this passage is referencing back to prophecies about Him in the Psalms & 2 Samuel.