[quote=trumpet152]Can somone explain this passage to me? 1 Timothy 2:9-15.
So long as you do not mind a non-Catholic explanation…
First, let us look at the “in silence” part. Interpretations tend to fall into certain categories:
[list]this is a permanent instruction and so women must always be silent in church;[/list]
[list]this is a permanent instruction, but only applies to women chattering in the congregation;[/list]
[list]this was a temporary instruction, only for that period and culture;[/list]
[list]Paul was influenced by the patriarchal culture whence he came;[/list]
[list]Paul was a misogynist.[/list]
The list is essentially in chronological order of the period of popularity of the interpretation.
The first interpretation was very popular for a long time. However, it faced certain conflicts with the fact that Paul also talked about women praying or prophesying in public worship: But any woman who prays or prophesies with her head unveiled brings shame upon her head, for it is one and the same thing as if she had had her head shaved (1 Corinthians 11:5).
This is hardly surprising when you consider the number of prophetesses in Scripture, continuing into the NT with Anna (Lk 2:36) and Philip’s four virgin daughters (Ac 21:9). At Pentecost, Peter quoted Joel’s prophecy (Joel 2:28) of men and women prophesying (Ac 2:17-8). Thus, women were able to speak in worship, and to speak in the role of highest authority: the prophet, who presents the very words of God.
Now, let us look at the “teaching” part. The first people to proclaim the message of Jesus’ resurrection were women (e.g., John 20:1-2). In Acts 18:26, we learn that “Priscilla (a woman) and Aquila” taught Apollos (a man) the way of God. In Philippians 4:2-3, we hear of Euodia and Syntyche, who “struggled together with” (in the sense of team athletic sports) Paul “in the Gospel”, “with also Clement and the rest of the co-workers”, which clearly puts these women on the same level as the men.
Most importantly, God is not sexist (nor male!):
There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free person, there is not male and female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus (Galatians 3:28).
Would it really matter to God whether a preacher was male or female? After all, they were both made in the image of God:
God created man in his image; in the divine image he created him; male and female he created them (Genesis 1:27).
That verse, incidentally, is sharply emphasised by the fact that it appears in poetic form while it is surrounded by text in prose.
There is a near-parallel to the Timothy 2 passage in 1 Corinthians 14:34-5, shortly after the instruction about women praying or prophesying. I would suggest, therefore, that we are looking at option #2: an injunction against chattering in church. Having said that, cultural sensitivity is important, and I would not go about demanding that people in cultures which remain patriarchal immediately start to accept women teachers in church.